MAIL-ORDER ROSES

GOOD EVENING.

MOST OF YOU KNOW TO PREPARE AHEAD FOR YOUR MAIL-ORDER ROSES. PREPARATION IS THE KEY TO BEAUTIFUL, LONG-LIVED, HEALTHY ROSES.

KEEP PACKAGED DORMANT PROTECTED OUTDOORS AND KEEP WATERED TIL PLANTED. CLIP OFF ANY DAMAGED ROOTS TO HEALTHY WOOD.

YOU MAY WISH TO REHYDRATE THE ROOTS IN A BUCKET OF WATER FOR THE SEVERAL HOURS WHILE YOU PREPARE THE HOLES AND BRING IN YOUR BAGS OF SOIL. ADDING COMPOST TEA OR VITAMIN B12 IN THE WATER BRINGS ADDITIONAL BENEFITS.

SUN
ROSES PREFER 5-6 HOURS OF DIRECT SUN DAILY. HOWEVER MANY VARIETIES, ESPECIALLY THE ALBAS, THE SPECIES, AND HYBRID MUSKS, GROW WELL IN ONLY 4 HOURS OF DAPPLED SHADE.

* DRAINAGE & HOLE SIZE:
ALWAYS CHECK YOUR GROUND FOR PROPER DRAINAGE IN ADVANCE OF PLANTING BECAUSE ROSES DO NOT LIKE CONTINUOUSLY WET ROOTS. A GOOD TIP IS TO FILL THE TWO-FOOT-SQUARE HOLE WITH WATER. IF THE WATER HAS NOT DRAINED IN 24 HRS FILLTHE BOTTOM WITH 6″ OF GRAVEL.

A 2′ SQUARE HOLE IN THE GROUND IS PREFERRED.
A 3′ HIGH PLANT NEEDS A 16″ POT. REMEMBER TO PLACE PEBBLES OR BROKEN CROCKERY FOR DRAINAGE.

* SOIL:
ROSES ARE REMARKABLE PLANTS AND WILL GROW IN MANY TYPES OF SOILS FROM SANDY TO CLAY BUT WILL OF COURSE LIVE LINGER WITH THE BEST WE CAN INITIALLY PROVIDE. HEALTHY SOILS WILL GREATLY EXTEND THE LIFE OF YOUR ROSES.

ROSES PREFER A SLIGHTLY ACIDIC SOIL WITH A pH OF 5.5 TO 6.8.
ITS BEST TO REMOVE AND DISCARD THE OLD SOIL. PROFESSIONALS TELL US ROSES LOVE AGED MANURE SO IF POSSIBLE ADD AGED HORSE OR COW MANURE, OR AGED COMPOST IN THE BOTTOM 6 ” OF THE 24″ SQ HOLE.

IF POSSIBLE USE FRESH, NEW SOIL WHICH MOST NURSERIES SELL. BRAD JALBERT, OWNER OF SELECT ROSES IN LANGELY, THE VRS, AND MOST NURSERIES SELL ESPECIALLY FORMULATED SOIL, FERTILIZERS, AND ROSE FOODS.

* TO MAKE YOUR OWN SOIL MIX:
IF YOU HAVE GOOD SOIL, USE 2/3 OF THE NATIVE SOIL WITH 1/3 PEAT MOSS, COMPOST. YOU MAY MIX IN ONE CUP OF BONE MEAL OR ROSE FOOD. ALWAYS MIX SOIL: DON’T APPLY IN LAYERS.

BRAD JALBERT IN LANGLEY FOUND THAT THE ‘ORGANIQUE 1-3-15′ PRODUCT IS HIS PERSONAL FAVORITE ROSE STARTER FOOD.

IF YOU ARE PLANTING A ROSE IN A HOLE THAT PREVIOUSLY CONTAINED A ROSE, IT IS VITAL TO DIG THE HOLE SOMEWHAT LARGER AND REPLACE ALL THE EXISTING SOIL WITH NEW, FRESH SOIL OR ALLOW THE SOIL TO REST FOR A FEW YEARS. THIS IS SIMILAR TO FARM CROP ROTATION TO AVOID REPLANT DISEASE.

PETER BEALES IN ENGLAND HAS A TIP WHEREBY HE SUGGESTS PLACING A CARDBOARD BOX IN THE HOLE AND THEN FOLLOW THE PLANTING INSTRUCTIONS.

* PLANTING:
THE BEST PLANTING TEMP IS WHEN THR GROUND WARMS SOMEWHERE BETWEEN 45-60 DEGREES.

PLACE THE ‘OWN-ROOT’ ROSE IN THE CENTER OF THE HOLE ABOUT 1″ DEEPER THAN THE SOIL LINE IN THE HOLE OR POT ALLOWING FOR SETTLING OF THE WATERED SOIL. OVERALL, ‘OWN-ROOT’ ROSES LIVE LONGER THAN ONE GRAFTED ONTO A ROOTSTOCK. ATHOUGH THEY GROW MORE SLOWLY FOR THE FIRST FEW YEARS. PLANTING A GRAFTED ROSE’S CROWN (BUD UNION) 3″ BELOW THE SOIL LINE.
GENTLY TUCK SOIL AMONGST IN THE ROOTS.
WATERING IN AS YOU GO PREVENTS AIR POCKETS. TAMP DOWN GENTLY WHEN PLACED.

SHOULD THE WEATHER STILL HAVE A CHANCE OF FROST, MOUND THE SOIL 6-12″ ABOVE GROUND LEVEL. REMOVE AFTER FROSTY CONDITIONS THEN APPLY MULCH.

ALLOW 3-3.5′ BETWEEN SHRUBS AND 6-8′ APART FOR CLIMBERS AND RAMBLERS.

WATERING
AMPLE WATERED ROSES PERFORM BETTER BECAUSE WATER DEPRIVATION WHICH STRESSES THE PLANT THEREBY MAKING IT SUSCEPTIBLE TO DISEASE AND PESTS.

WATERING AT GROUND LEVEL IN THE MORNING IS BEST BECAUSE OVERNIGHT WET LEAVES MAY ENCOURAGE DISEASE.

WATER THOROUGHLY DURING AND AFTER PLANTING.
WATER IN ABOUT 2″ OF WATER WEEKLY THROUGHOUT THE GROWING SEASON. ALSO WATER WELL BEFORE AND AFTER FEEDING
ROSES ARE ACTUALLY RATHER DROUGHT RESISTANT BUT WILL PRODUCE MORE FLOWERS MORE IF WATERED UNDER DRY CONDITIONS.

* FERTILIZING
FEEDING ROSES PROMOTE VIGORUS PLANTS AND GORGEOUS FLOWERS. NOWADAYS SLOW-RELEASE ORGANICS ARE PREFERRED. ALWAYS APPLY ACCORDING TO THE LABEL RATE.

MANY PROFESSIONALS DO NOT FERTILIZER UNTIL THE SECOND SEASON. ROSES ALSO LOVE FISH FERTILIZER AND BRAD’S FAVORITE BRAND IS ‘ORGUNIQUE BIO-FISH 3-1-2′ WHICH IS WATERED IN AND SPRAYED ON THE FOLIAGE.

SPRING FEED ESTABLISHED ROSES AFTER THE PLANT HAS LEAFED OUT PERHAPS IN MID-MARCH, TAKING CARE NOT TO OVER FEED.

SUMMER-FEED FOLLOWING THE FIRST FLUSH OF BLOOMS.

* PRUNING:
PRUNE OUT DEAD WOOD TO INCREASE AIR CIRCULATION.

YOU MAY BEGIN PRUNE IN LATE FEBRUARY OR MARCH ON ESTABLISHED ROSES EVEN DOWN TO 6-8″. BRAD HAS OFTEN PRUNED TO 1″-2″.DO NOT BE AFRAID TO PRUNE HARD TO KEEP YOUR ROSE IN THE BOUNDS YOU WISH.

TREAT REPEAT-BLOOMING ROSES SUCH AS ENGLISH ROSES, HYBRID TEAS ETC AS SHRUBS AND SHAPE HOWEVER YOU WISH.

DON’T PRUNE NEWLY PLANTED CLIMBERS OR RAMBLERS TIL NEXT SPRING BUT AFTER THE OTHERS HAVE GROWN ABOUT 1′ HIGH, PINCH OUT THE TOP 3″ TO PROMOTE BRANCHING.

PRUNE ABOVE AN OUTERWARD FACING BUD.
REMEMBER WHEN YOU PRUNE TO CUT IN THE SAME DIRECTION THAT THE NEW BUD IS GROWING. DON’T CUT SO WATER DRIPS OFF THE TIP INTO THE NEWLY EMERGING BUD.

* ONCE-BLOOMING ROSES
PRUNE AWAY OLD WOOD IMMEDIATELY AFTER THEIR BLOOMING PERIOD SO THE PLANT PREPARES FOR THE UPCOMING SEASON’S BLOOMS.

* CLIMBERS & RAMBLERS
SOME ARE ALSO ‘ONCE-BLOOMING ON OLD WOOD’ PLANTS. OTHERWISE SIMPLY OCCASIONALLY REMOVE A CROSSED CANE OR A CANE THAT IS PAST 3-4 YEARS OLD.

CLIMBERS AND ESPECIALLY RAMBLERS TEND TO PRODUCE MANY CANES. YOU MAY WISH TO LIMIT THEM TO JUST 4-8 CANES, KEEPING ALL OTHERS CUT OFF AT THE BASE THROUGHOUT THE YEAR.

TONIGHT I’VE BROUGHT ROSE COMPLIMENTARY MAIL-ORDER CATALOGS GRACIOUSLY SENT FROM HERITAGE ROSES, FROM WITHERSPOON ROSE CULTURE, AND FROM DAVID AUSTIN ROSES.

THANKS EVERYONE.
GOODNIGHT.

Comments are closed.